Information for use in indentifying, treating and understanding the kennedy terminal ulcer
Karen Kennedy Evans
Karen Lou Kennedy-Evans


Text Books:

  1. Fundamental of Nursing, Kozier, Erb and Olivieri, Fourth Edition, Two colored pictures of the “Kennedy Terminal Ulcer” between pages 402 and 403.
  2. Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing Secrets, Milne, Corbett, Dubuc, Hanley & Belfus, Inc./Philadelphia Chapter 46, “The Kennedy Terminal Ulcer” pp.198-199
  3. Gaymar Pictorial Guide to Pressure Ulcer Assessment, First Edition, Gaymar Industries, p.12
  4. Gaymar Pictorial Guide to Pressure Ulcer Assessment, Second Edition 2006, p. 12
  5. Chronic Wound Care, 4th Edition, Krasner, Rodeheaver, Sibbald, Chapter 58, Dot Weir, RN, CWOCN, CWS, Pressure Ulcers: Assessment, Classification, and Management, pp. 577-578.
  6. Palliative & End – of – Life Care, 2nd Edition, Kuebler, Heidrich, Esper, Chapter 35, “Ulcerative Lesions” p.523
  7. The Wound Care Handbook, Medline, p. 110
  8. Palliative & End-of-Life Care, Kuebler, Heidrich, Esper, Chapter 35, Elizabeth A .Ayello and Joy E. Schank, Ulcerative Lesions, p.523


  1. Decubitus: Vol.2 No.2, May 1989 p. 44-45 (Now called: Advances in Skin &Wound Care) The Prevalence of Pressure Ulcers in an Intermediate Care Facility Data from 1983 through 1988 indicate the increase in severity of illness for patients in intermediate care. The Kennedy Terminal Lesion describes pressure ulcers that are precursors of death.
  2. Ostomy Wound Management: December 2001, Vol. 47, Issue 12, Year’s End Notables, Gwen B. Turnbull, RN, BS, CETN, p. 10
  3. The Remington Report: May/June 2005, Volume 13, Issue 3, Key Legal Issues For Wound Care Practitioners in 2005, Elizabeth E. Hogue, Esq. Pp.14-16, Remington

Web Site:


Professional News Letters:

  1. St. Vincent’s Alpha Site Team, November 2004, Volume 6 Protect Your Patient’s Skin, “Kennedy Ulcers” p.1
  2. AAWC (Advancement for the Association of Wound Care) Network Newsletter, Winter/Spring 2006, President John M. McDonald, MD, FACS President’s Message, Winter/Spring 2006, p.2-3

Slide Presentations:

  1. Wound Assessment and Documentation, ConvaTec, © 2007 E.R. Squibb and Sons, L.L.C.
  2. Wound Classification and Interventions, ConvaTec, © 2007 E.R. Squibb and Sons, L.L.C.

Newspaper Article:

  1. People Northwest October 8, 1992, “Pressure ulcer named for Byron nurse who identified it”. p.10

National Wound Certification exam

  1. This is one of the questions on the National Wound Certification Exam

American Medical Directors Association

  1. Clinical Practice Guidelines: Pressure Ulcers Revised 2008, p.11
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